As well bones and ligaments, your knee is made up from cartilidge and fluid. As we heavily rely on these components each day, the knee can be quite prone to injury or wear and tear. Structures such as the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, the patellofemoral joint and cartilidge surfaces can all be impacted and lead to pain and reduced mobility.
The following are common knee conditions:
Anterior and Posterior Ligaments
- Anterior Ligaments are located at the front of the knee
- Posterior Ligaments are at the back of the knee.
- They help join Femur and your Tibia.
- You can injure your Anterior Ligament through high impact, such as a car accident, or landing firmly on a bent knee.
- The Posterior ligament can be injured landing badly on your leg and it bending backwards, hyper-extending at the knee.
- The Meniscus are discs of cartilage sitting atop the tibia, with the femur resting on top, and are a load bearing component of the knee joint.
- Tears can occur through bending or twisting of the knee when in an awkward position.
- The Patella, or knee cap, usually sits comfortably within a groove at the bottom of the femur.
- Dislocation occurs when it slips out of this groove, straining the muscles and ligaments around it.
- Occurs either through traumatic twisting of the knee joint, or if there is a strong blow to the knee.